Take a look at the following list of stressed and non-stressed word types.
Basically, stress words are considered CONTENT WORDS such as
Non-stressed words are considered FUNCTION WORDS such as
Content or Function?
Write down 'C' for content and 'F' for function. When you have finished click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly.
Example: magazine (C) as (F) many (F)
in order to
in front of
Identification and Practice
Mark the stressed words in the following sentences. After you have found the stressed words, practice reading the sentences aloud.
pronunciation - Practicing Stress and Intonation
I am often surprised at how focusing on the "stress - timed" quality of English helps students improve their pronunciation skills. Students often focus on pronouncing each word correctly and therefore tend to pronounce in an unnatural manner. By focusing on the stress - timed factor in English - the fact that only principle words such as proper nouns, principle verbs, adjectives and adverbs receive the "stress" - students soon begin sounding much more "authentic" as the cadence of the language begins to ring true. The following lesson extends previous lessons by developing student ears' sensitivity to the rhythmic quality of English.
Aim: Improving pronunciation by focusing on the stress - timed nature of spoken English
Activities: Comparison of unnaturally and naturally spoken English by looking at the tendency of some students to pronounce every word correctly. Listening and Oral repetition exercise developing student ears' sensitivity to the rhythmic quality of English.
Level: Upper intermediate - recommended for upper level students who have a high level of understanding, but are having problems with fluency in communication caused by pronunciation problems.
The Music of English
English is a very rhythmic language because only certain, important words are accented. For this reason, you should practice using your ear as much as possible.
Naturally Spoken English
Speak through the following sentences trying to carefully pronounce EVERY word. Notice how unnatural this sounds. Next, focus on speaking the sentences stressing only content words. Tape yourself doing this and you will be surprised at how quickly your pronunciation improves!
Vocabulary for Beginning Level English Learners
English study vocabulary learning for beginners includes English vocabulary building quizzes and help for basic English vocabulary areas