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آموزش انگلیسی به عنوان زبان دوم

بانک سوالات دبیرستان و پیش دانشگاهی . مکالمه . مقالات . آپدیت روزانه Nod 32

Motivating Students to Do More Extensive Reading
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٧:۳٠ ‎ب.ظ روز ۱۳٩۳/۱/٢٢

Beloware ideas for encouraging students to do more extensive reading. Someof them have appeared in earlier readings in this course. Choose oneidea that has worked for you or that you think might work. Pleaseexplain why it worked or why it might work.


Beloware ideas for encouraging students to do more extensive reading. Someof them have appeared in earlier readings in this course. Choose oneidea that has worked for you or that you think might work. Pleaseexplain why it worked or why it might work.


Alternative #1: Suggest an idea to add to the list and why that idea might work.


Alternative #2: Choose one student or other person you know who is a reluctantreader. Try convincing that person to read more. Report on yourconversation.


Minimum # of words: 150


  1. Talk to the class about the purposes of ER and why students should do it. Refer to research and anecdotal evidence on ER’s effectiveness, and how reading skill has future academic, social, fun, and career benefits.


  1. Tell students about what you have been reading yourself.


  1. Outside each teacher and administrator’s door or outside the teachers’ lounge/staffroom is a sign that says: Mr/Ms. ……. is currently reading _____”. This shows students that we, as teachers and administrators, are readers too and sometimes have interests outside of school.


  1. Display books where the students can see them often. Displaying books where students can easily see the cover “sells” the books better than just showing the spines. Also, if it is not possible to display all books individually, place books in bins or baskets so that students can flip through them quickly. This is a more effective way to display books than putting them on a shelf side-to-side.


  1. Take time to show students any new books. Sometimes, it’s surprising how excited students become over new books.


  1. Offer a wide variety of titles and genres.


  1. Get students who like ER to talk about why they like it. Share students’ personal recommendations.


  1. Offer convenient access to the materials.


  1. Make ER materials inexpensive or free. Hold a book fair, with either new or used books.


  1. Ask students about their reading progress from time to time.


  1. Create or obtain new materials for students with special needs and in students’ special fields of interest, e.g., sports, rabbits, engineering.


  1. Keep a variety of levels on hand. Start with easy materials so that students experience initial success.


  1. Match students to levels carefully.


  1. Have a rewards program for the amount of reading completed, possibly including extra credit. Here’s an example of an innovative way to do such a program:


Ourlocal minor league baseball team set up a program for us. We set goalsfor the students to meet in terms of number of books read (at theirreading level). We had a chart of a baseball field hanging on the wall. Each student had a cutout of a baseball with her/his name on it. Whenthey met their first goal, their baseball was placed on first base andthey received a pencil. When they met their second goal, their baseballwas moved to second base and they received an eraser. When they mettheir third goal, their baseball was moved to third base and theyreceived a ruler. When they met their fourth goal and their baseball wasmoved to home plate, they received a ticket to a special baseball game. At the game they received a t-shirt, a hot dog and a coke, and theirnames were shown on the scoreboard. The students were really excitedabout watching their baseballs move around the diamond; but they werealso excited to see everyone else’s moving, too. We were able to takeall of the fourth, fifth and sixth graders to the game free of charge.


  1. One teacher rewards students with tickets. On Fridays, there is a “ticket exchange.” Students exchange their tickets for small prizes, lamination, being the teacher’s helper and reading to our class or another class. The teacher reports that a surprisingly large number of students choose to spend their tickets on reading to their classmates or younger students. They choose a book and then the student and teacher decide on a date the student will read. “It’s been a wonderful addition to our reward system.” Students (who are well-prepared) reading to other students is a great advertisement for reading and for particular books.


  1. Encourage students to add their own stories to the class’s or the school library’s collection (for a reward, maybe).


  1. Invite authors to speak.


  1. Start a writing circle. Writers often appreciate books more than people who don’t write.


  1. Invite students to make illustrations, book marks, covers, etc. for books. (see list of activities in the file Ideas for after Individual Reading.)


  1. Start an email community to discuss reading.


  1. Have chat sessions about the books students have read.


  1. Encourage students to summarize the books to parents or others.


  1. Ask students to publish a story online.


  1. Give students lots of autonomy as to what to read and what, if anything, to do after reading.


  1. Suggest activities related to the reading that are personalized to the students, i.e., activities that make some connection between the story and the student.


  1. Encourage students to always carry a book with them to read when they have time, such as while waiting for a bus.


  1. Do research on student expectations.


  1. Do a needs analysis, level checks, etc.


  1. Construct a syllabus based on student expectations and needs.


  1. Compare books with movies that are based on the books or which inspired the books. Use movies and other fun supporting materials.


  1. Introduce students to used book shops and book rental shops.


  1. Record in a visual manner how much students have read, e.g., creating a dragon in which each scale has the title of a book read by the class.


  1. Read aloud to students to interest them in new titles, authors, book types.


  1. Play a game, such as Charades, with titles of books that are popular among students.


  1. Encourage reading that will help students improve their health, sports skills, computer skills, grooming, and relationships.


  1. Share books with other classes.


  1. Devote class time to reading.


  1. Hold an event in which everyone brings books and read together, e.g., a sleep-over at the school.


  1. Create an Advice Column for well-known characters in popular books.


  1. Invite students to act out popular scenes from the books they have read.


  1. Create comic/manga versions of books students have read.


  1. Do role play and other dramatic follow-up activities.


  1. Create a comfortable physical environment for reading.


  1. Recommend ER as a study strategy, for example, for preparing for the SAT.


  1. Form summer book clubs. Students can bring along any friends they want or even adults. Clubs can meet at school, people’s homes, a local coffee shops, etc. Alternatively, make the book club a regular school club, along with the chess club, the Japanese club, and the debate club.


Some of the activities for book club could be:


  1. Inviting a visiting author to speak to students,
  2. Making illustrations, book marks or book covers,
  3. Writing a critique of the featured book for the school newspaper,
  4. Reading a favorite passage aloud to each other,
  5. Holding a sleepover event at the school in which everyone brings books to share,
  6. Role playing or acting out popular scenes from favorite books, and
  7. At the end of the year, playing charades of all the books discussed over the school year.


  1. Hold a “read-in” at your school or at another conducive venue. This can be a sleep-over or just a “happening” during the day. Students bring blankets, a backpack of books with their names on them, and snacks.


  1. To help students think about what type of reading material they like, ask students to write “reading biographies” of each other. They interview their partners about: their first memories of books and other reading materials; what they do and do not like to read now and why; changes in their reading tastes and habits as they’ve become older; favorite books and other reading materials.


  1. Use reading as a reward. For example, after they have finished a test or project, give them time to read a favorite that they haven’t been able to get to due to the pressure of their studies.