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آموزش انگلیسی به عنوان زبان دوم

بانک سوالات دبیرستان و پیش دانشگاهی . مکالمه . مقالات . آپدیت روزانه Nod 32

400 Must-Have Wordsfor the TOEFL ( 2 )
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٢:۱٢ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩۱/۸/۳





6 Nature

Several agencies and organizations have intensified their efforts to

increase the productivity of land in these countries.They have introduced

new strains of seed, improved irrigation techniques, and introduced new

methods of fertilization and soil management.With ample sunlight for

photosynthesis and modern irrigation techniques, sustainable farming

techniques should allow farmers to boost aggregate production in order

to meet demand.

Still, crop revitalization faces an unexpected adversary: institutional

incompetence.Where crop specialists have convinced individual farmers

to abandon old farming techniques in place of new, they can’t readily

obtain the governmental cooperation they need.The biggest hurdles are

political corruption, incompetence, and the absence of a marketing


1. In this passage, the word adversary is closest in meaning to

a. friend

b. helper

c. enemy

d. leader

2. In the last paragraph, the word they refers to

a. crop specialists

b. farmers

c. farming techniques

d. adversaries