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آموزش انگلیسی به عنوان زبان دوم

بانک سوالات دبیرستان و پیش دانشگاهی . مکالمه . مقالات . آپدیت روزانه Nod 32

گرامر زبان انگلیسی به زبان ساده قسمت اول
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ۱٢:٢۳ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩۱/٧/۱٦

Nouns, adjectives and adverbs

1 Subject and object pronouns

Subject pronouns

I you he she it we you they

Object pronouns

me you him her it us you them

• The subject is the person or thing doing the action:

/ left early.

She went home.

We said goodbye.

• The object is the person or thing

receiving the action:

She telephoned me.

I hit him.

We saw her.


Write the correct pronouns for these sentences.

1 ..She... telephoned yesterday, (she)

2 We watched .him... for hours, (he)

3 Hasn't arrived yet? (she)

4 don't understand. (I)

5 Are you talking to ? (I)

6 Don't ask doesn't know, (she/she)

7 This is Julia: have known for years, (we/she)

8 Nobody told the bus was leaving, (they)

9 Why didn't ask to come? (she/they)

10 Don't ask Ask (I/he)

11 think doesn't like (T/hc/I)

12 asked to invite (they/he/we)


Nouns, adjectives and adverbs

2 Reflexive pronouns

myself yourself himself herself itself

ourselves yourselves themselves

• The object is the same person or thing as the subject:

1 cut myself when I was cooking.

The kettle will switch itself off automatically.


Write the correct reflexive pronouns for these sentences.

1 I like to wake ..myselff.. up in the morning with a cup of coffee.

2 Thanks for a great party - we really enjoyed . ourselves.. .

3 I hate watching on video.

4 I'm sorry, Tony, but I haven't got enough money to pay for you. Can you

pay for ?

5 After his accident, Philip drove to the hospital.

6 We don't need a babysitter - the children can look after

7 Now, children, remember to give enough time to

answer all the exam questions.

8 'Should I apply for the job?' she asked

9 We're planning to buy a new television.

10 He hurt when he was playing football.

3 Possessive adjectives

• Each pronoun has a possessive adjective:

I —> my we —> our

you —> your you —> your

he —> his they --> their

she —• her it —> its


Write the correct possessive adjectives for these sentences.

1 These are parents. (!)

2 I've got watch, (he)

3 Is this car? {you)

4 Do they like new house? (she)


Nouns, adjectives and adverbs

5 Have you met teacher? (they)

6 Who's got money? (I)

7 I don't like teacher, (we)

8 Have you got passport? (you)

9 He forgot keys, (he)

10 They changed hotel, (they)

11 She gave the letter to secretary, (she)

12 There's something wrong with car. (I)

13 They're having a party in garden, (they)

14 Where's pen? (I)

15 I like jacket. (You)

4 Possessive adjectives and pronouns

Possessive adjectives

my your his her its our your their

Possessive pronouns

mine yours his hers - ours yours theirs

• The possessive adjective is always followed by its noun:

It's my car.

That's his mother.

This is our house.

• The possessive pronoun is never followed by its noun:

This is mine.

Give it to Peter: it's his.

The money is ours.


Write the correct possessive adjective or pronoun for these sentences.

1 Whose camera is this? Is it ..yours. ? (you)

2 Excuse me, those are ,.our.. seats, (we)

3 Is it suitcase or ? (you/he)

4 Has the dog had food? (it)

5 They're not keys - they're (I/she)

6 I don't think its room: I think it's (you/they)

7 The police asked me for address. (I)


Nouns, adjectives and adverbs

8 Have you got pen, or would you like to borrow

? (you/I)

9 garden is bigger than (they/we)

10 I think this is book. Oh no, it's (I/you)

11 The decision is (they)

12 The cat wants dinner, (it)

13 You know it's not money. It's (you/I)

14 It isn't car, it's (he/she)

15 It wasn't mistake, it was (I/they)

16 Have you met mother? (they)

17 parents say the decision is (she/they)

18 brother hasn't got a phone, so he uses (I/we)

19 car wasn't working, so I used (I/he)

20 house is smaller than (we/they)

5 The possessive with s

• To indicate possession for people or animals:

a) in the singular, add 's:

Anne's bike

James's friend

The dog's food

b) for plurals ending in s, just add ':

The boys' mother

My pare/Us' house

The ladies' hats

c) for other plurals, add 's:

The children's friends

The women's cars

Note: It's = It is. The possessive of it is its:

It's cold today.

Give the dog its food.


Rewrite these sentences, putting the apostrophe (') where necessary. If two

answers are possible, write the more likely one.

1 We talked to the boys parents for some time.

We talked to the boys' parents for some time.

We talked to the boy's parents for some time.

2 We can borrow my fathers car.

We can borrow my father's car.

3 Have you met Susans friend?

4 About sixty people use the teachers room.

5 Someone had taken Barbaras purse.

6 Something was hurting the animals foot.

7 I'm going to write to the childrens parents.

8 Jane works in my mothers office.

9 The dog doesn't like its food.

10 Mary and Pat stayed at their friends house.

11 Are you going to the secretaries meeting?

12 I put the money in the waiters hand.

13 lans suit was very expensive.

Nouns, adjectives and adverbs

ادامه دارد ........