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rigmarole n. Nonsense. rigor n. lnfiexibility.

rigorous adj. Uncompromising.

ripplet n. A small ripple, as of water. risible adj. capable of exciting laughter. rivulet n. A small stream or brook.

robust adj. Characterized by great strength or power of endurance.

rondo n. A musical composition during which the first part or subject is repeated several times.

rookery n. A place where crows congregate to breed.

rotary adj. Turning around its axis, like a wheel, or so constructed as to turn thus. rotate v. To cause to turn on or as on its axis, as a wheel.

rote n. Repetition of words or sounds as a means of learning them, with slight attention. rotund adj. Round from fullness or plumpness.

rudimentary adj. Being in an initial, early, or incomplete stage of development. rue v. To regret extremely.

ruffian adj. A lawless or recklessly brutal fellow. ruminant adj. Chewing the cud.

ruminate v. To chew over again, as food previously swallowed and regurgitated. rupture v. To separate the parts of by violence.

rustic adj. Characteristic of dwelling in the country.

ruth n. Sorrow for another's misery.

sacrifice v. To make an offering of to deity, especially by presenting on an altar. sacrificial adj. Offering or offered as an atonement for sin.

sacrilege n. The act of violating or profaning anything sacred.

sacrilegious adj. Impious.

safeguard v. To protect.

sagacious adj. Able to discern and distinguish with wise perception. salacious adj. Having strong sexual desires.

salience n. The condition of standing out distinctly.

salient adj. Standing out prominently.

saline adj. Constituting or consisting of salt.

salutary adj. Beneficial.

salutation n. Any form of greeting, hailing, or welcome, whether by word or act. salutatory n. The opening oration at the commencement in American colleges. salvage n. Any act of saving property.

salvo n. A salute given by firing all the guns, as at the funeral of an officer. sanctimonious adj. Making an ostentatious display or hypocritical pretense of holiness or piety.

sanction v. To approve authoritatively. sanctity n. Holiness.

sanguinary adj. Bloody.

sanguine adj. Having the color of blood. sanguineous adj. Consisting of blood. sapid adj. Affecting the sense of taste. sapience n. Deep wisdom or knowledge. sapient adj. Possessing wisdom. sapiential adj. Possessing wisdom.

saponaceous adj. Having the nature or quality of soap. sarcasm n. Cutting and reproachful language. sarcophagus n. A stone coffin or a chest-like tomb. sardonic adj. Scornfully or bitterly sarcastic.

satiate v. To satisfy fully the appetite or desire of.

satire n. The employment of sarcasm, irony, or keenness of wit in ridiculing vices.

satiric adj. Resembling poetry, in which vice, incapacity ,or corruption is held up to ridicule. satirize v. To treat with sarcasm or derisive wit.

satyr n. A very lascivious person.

savage n. A wild and uncivilized human being. savor v. To perceive by taste or smell.

scabbard n. The sheath of a sword or similar bladed weapon. scarcity n. Insufficiency of supply for needs or ordinary demands. scholarly adj. Characteristic of an erudite person.

scholastic adj. Pertaining to education or schools.

scintilla n. The faintest ray.

scintillate v. To emit or send forth sparks or little flashes of light. scope n. A range of action or view.

scoundrel n. A man without principle.

scribble n. Hasty, careless writing.

scribe n. One who writes or is skilled in writing.

script n. Writing or handwriting of the ordinary cursive form.

Scriptural adj. Pertaining to, contained in, or warranted by the Holy Scriptures. scruple n. Doubt or uncertainty regarding a question of moral right or duty. scrupulous adj. Cautious in action for fear of doing wrong.

scurrilous adj. Grossly indecent or vulgar.

scuttle v. To sink (a ship) by making holes in the bottom. scythe n. A long curved blade for mowing, reaping, etc. seance n. A meeting of spirituals for consulting spirits. sear v. To burn on the surface.

sebaceous adj. Pertaining to or appearing like fat. secant adj. Cutting, especially into two parts.

secede v. To withdraw from union or association, especially from a political or religious body.

secession n. Voluntary withdrawal from fellowship, especially from political or religious bodies.

seclude v. To place, keep, or withdraw from the companionship of others. seclusion n. Solitude.

secondary adj. Less important or effective than that which is primary. secondly adv. In the second place in order or succession. second-rate adj. Second in quality, size, rank, importance, etc. secrecy n. Concealment.

secretary n. One who attends to correspondence, keeps records. or does other writing for others.

secretive adj. Having a tendency to conceal. sedate adj. Even-tempered.

sedentary adj. Involving or requiring much sitting. sediment n. Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.

sedition n. Conduct directed against public order and the tranquility of the state. seditious adj. Promotive of conduct directed against public order and the tranquility of the state.

seduce v. To entice to surrender chastity. sedulous adj. Persevering in effort or endeavor. seer n. A prophet.

seethe v. To be violently excited or agitated.

seignior n. A title of honor or respectful address, equivalent to sir. seismograph n. An instrument for recording the phenomena of earthquakes. seize v. To catch or take hold of suddenly and forcibly.

selective adj. Having the power of choice.

self-respect n. Rational self-esteem.

semblance n. Outward appearance.

semicivilized adj. Half-civilized.

semiconscious adj. Partially conscious.

semiannual adj. Recurring at intervals of six months.

semicircle n. A half-circle.

seminar n. Any assemblage of pupils for real research in some specific study under a teacher.

seminary n. A special school, as of theology or pedagogics.

senile adj. Peculiar to or proceeding from the weakness or infirmity of old age. sensation n. A condition of mind resulting from spiritual or inherent feeling. sense n. The signification conveyed by some word, phrase, or action. sensibility n. Power to perceive or feel.

sensitive adj. Easily affected by outside operations or infiuences. sensorium n. The sensory apparatus.

sensual adj. Pertaining to the body or the physical senses.

sensuous adj. Having a warm appreciation of the beautiful or of the refinements of luxury. sentence n. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

sentience n. Capacity for sensation or sense-perception. sentient adj. Possessing the power of sense or sense-perception. sentinel n. Any guard or watch stationed for protection. separable adj. Capable of being disjoined or divided.

separate v. To take apart.

separatist n. A seceder.

septennial adj. Recurring every seven years. sepulcher n. A burial-place.

sequacious adj. Ready to be led.

sequel n. That which follows in consequence of what has previously happened.

sequence n. The order in which a number or persons, things, or events follow one another in space or time.

sequent adj. Following in the order of time.

sequester v. To cause to withdraw or retire, as from society or public life. sequestrate v. To confiscate.

sergeant n. A non-commissioned military officer ranking next above a corporal. sergeant-at-arms n. An executive officer in legislative bodies who enforces the orders of the presiding officer.

sergeant-major n. The highest non-commissioned officer in a regiment. service n. Any work done for the benefit of another.

serviceable adj. Durable.

servitude n. Slavery.