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بانک سوالات دبیرستان و پیش دانشگاهی . مکالمه . مقالات . آپدیت روزانه Nod 32

General Specification of Lesson 6 - English Book One
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٩:٢٧ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/۳


BY: Mohammad Heidari Chegeni (KhorramAbad )

SESSION: One / Time :90 min

Subject: Teaching New Words of Lesson Six



Students should be able to internalize and use the news words (steam –burn –enough

– else- turn into – rise – hardly move - build ) in new sentences and situations.



Book, board, chalk, some classroom immediate objects, some pictures and drawings,

some questions written on forms



The method is eclectic, taking into considerations some features of GTM , TPR, Audiolingual

and TPR


a sample lesson
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٩:٢٠ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/۳


The following is a sample lesson based on PETS, a primary school English textbook series. Class: Primary 3 (mixed ability) 

Objective: Pupils are able to use “who” in adjectival clauses to describe a person







Multiple Intelligence Applied





      Tuning In : A Game – “Who Is It”

1.   Students from groups of four. Each group member has a number: 1, 2, 3, or 4.

2.   Teacher writes the name of a pupil in the class on a piece of paper but does not show the paper to the class.

3.   The teacher leads the class ia a word splash to generate useful vocabulary for the game.

4.   Each group puts their head together to think of a question to ask to help them deduce whose name is written on the paper. (Teacher only answers with a “Yes, it is a student who …” or “No, the person is not a student who …” )

5.   Teacher writes answers on the board, so as to model the correct form. Teacher randomly calls a number to ask their group’s question.

6.   Groups put their heads together to guess whose name is written on the piece of paper and explain what information led them to their guess.

7.   Teacher randomly calls a number. Students with that number give and explain their group’s guess.







Interpersonal(working in their groups)


Verbal/Linguistic(formulating questions and discussing guesses)


Logical/Mathematical(using clues to guess the answer).



To enable more interaction.


The teacher demonstrates pupils how to ask questions using ‘who’, such as: Is this a classmate who is a girl? Is this someone who is tall? Is it a pupil who wears spectacles? Is this a person who is seated near the front of the class?


The teacher encourages pupils to ask for only positive traits and give pupils enough time to discuss so as to generate logical questioning and to check that they are using ‘who’ and using it properly.


Pupils in the other groups have to listen attentively so as not to repeat questions. Each group is given only one chance, so all questions asked matter a lot to them.




1.   The teacher explains the placing of ‘who’ next to the noun it qualifies.

2.   Each pupil works alone to draw a teacher or pupil that everyone knows.  They do not show their drawings to others.

3.   One at a time, each group member stands and takes questions from their groupmates, just as the teacher did in the first activity.

4.   The other group members take turns to ask questions.

5.   After groupmates guess, students show their drawings to the group and point out




Visual/Spatial (doing the drawing)



Naturalist (observing characteristics)


The teacher visits each group to check on how they are doing in terms of following the procedure and using the grammar point.


The teacher stops the class once or twice to point out particularly good questions or answers.


If some pupils are having difficulty, they can work with a partner to answer questions for their other two group members. 


One or two students can come to the front of the room to play the game with the entire class.


Instead of using people, the game can be played with other animals.







1.   Each group member has a half piece of rough paper. They each write their names at the top of their paper.

2.   Pupils write something to describe themselves, e.g., I am a student who helps others.

3.   Pupils pass the paper to their left. They add one sentence to the description of the person whose name is at the top of the paper.

4.   The papers go around the group at least twice, so that there are at least eight sentences describing each group member.

5.   Pupils can then do PETS worksheets.





Naturalist (using half pieces of rough paper shows concern for the environment)


Intrapersonal intelligence (writing to describe themselves)









The teacher stops the class once or twice to point out particularly good sentences that pupils have written. This is done to highlight writing about positive traits, using the grammar point correctly, and being creative.


Options for including other intelligences:


A. Bodily/Kinaesthetic – One student pantomimes an occupation and others make a sentence for that occupation. For example, a student pantomimes someone sweeping the floor, and groupmates say, “A cleaner is a person who sweeps the floor.”


B. Musical/Rhythmic –


i. As students are working in their groups, the teacher plays lively music in the background.


ii. Pairs make up riddles in the form of chants. These riddles describe people and use ‘who’.  The other pair in the foursome tries to guess who is being described in the chant.



How To Improve Your English
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:۳٢ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢


Learning English (or any language for that matter) is a process. You are continually improving your English and the following "How to" describes a strategy to make sure that you continue to improve effectively.

Difficulty: Average

Time Required: Varies

Here's How:

  1. Remember that learning a language is a gradual process - it does not happen overnight.
  2. Define your learning objectives early: What do you want to learn and why?
  3. Make learning a habit. Try to learn something every day. It is much better to study (or read, or listen to English news, etc.) 10 minutes each day than to study for 2 hours once a week.
  4. Remember to make learning a habit! If you study each day for 10 minutes English will be constantly in your head. If you study once a week, English will not be as present in your mind.
  5. Choose your materials well. You will need reading, grammar, writing, speaking and listening materials
  6. Vary your learning routine. It is best to do different things each day to help keep the various relationships between each area active. In other words, don't just study grammar.
  7. Find friends to study and speak with. Learning English together can be very encouraging.
  8. Choose listening and reading materials that relate to what you are interested in. Being interested in the subject will make learning more enjoyable - thus more effective.
  9. Relate grammar to practical usage. Grammar by itself does not help you USE the language. You should practice what you are learning by employing it actively.
  10. Move your mouth! Understanding something doesn't mean the muscles of your mouth can produce the sounds. Practice speaking what you are learning aloud. It may seem strange, but it is very effective.
  11. Be patient with yourself. Remember learning is a process - speaking a language well takes time. It is not a computer that is either on or off!
  12. Communicate! There is nothing like communicating in English and being successful. Grammar exercises are good - having your friend on the other side of the world understand your email is fantastic!
  13. Use the Internet. The Internet is the most exciting, unlimited English resource that anyone could imagine and it is right at your finger tips.


  1. Remember that English learning is a process
  2. Be patient with yourself
  3. Practice, practice, practice

how to Study English Effectively
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٢٩ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢


By Kenneth Beare,

There are many ways to study English, but many students ask which is the most effective. Unfortunately, I don't think there is a single answer that is right for every student. However ... I can certainly give advice I some helpful guidelines as to how to study that should help.

Warming-up to Study English

Just as there are exercises to help you warm up before you play some basketball or other sport, there are exercises which can help you warm up to study English. Here are some simple exercises to help you warm up.

1.     Study English I: Activating Your Vocabulary

Activate your vocabulary by thinking or speaking briefly about the subject you are about to work on. For example, if you are going to study English on topics that focuses on vacations, take a moment to think about your last vacation, what you did, what you enjoyed, etc. This simple exercise will help your brain warm-up to vocabulary that you are likely to encounter as you study English about this particular subject.

1.     Study English II: Activating Your Grammar

Activate your grammar by thinking about the general grammar area before you begin to study. For example, if you are going to study English grammar focusing on the past, stop to think about what you did last weekend, where you went, etc. to help activate what you already understand about using the past. As with activating vocabulary, you'll help your brain bring up what it knows about the past simple in an easy way before you begin to focus on studying English grammar in detail.

1.     Study English III: Singing a Song

Before class begins, or before you sit down to study English sing a song in English to yourself. Make sure to use a song that you understand and know very well. This short and fun exercise will help your brain focus on the English language in a relaxing manner. It's important to be relaxed when you study English! Singing a song also helps activate the creative side of your brain which can help you come up with more examples as your practice conversation or do some creative writing.

1.     Study English IV: Typing e a Short Paragraph in English

If you going to study English at your desk, begin by typing a simple paragraph in English. You can type about your day, your hobbies, your friends, etc. Anything will do. Typing helps activate the kinetic part of your brain that helps improve learning through physical activity. I also recommend typing while you study your English grammar. This will help solidify your knowledge with movement.

1.     Study English V: A Thousand Words ...

As the saying goes in English: A picture is worth a thousand words. Help activate the creative side of your brain by trying to describe a photo or other image. You can combine use this also to activate your vocabulary by choosing a picture that has something to do with the subject your are going to study in English.

Study English - Tips for Success

Here are some tips for success to help you as you study English.

1.     Study English Every Day

It's important to study English every day. However, don't exaggerate! Study for thirty minutes every day instead of two hours once a week. Short, steady practice is much better for learning than long periods on an irregular basis. This habit of studying English every day will help keep English in your brain fresh.

1.     Study English Using Different Methods to Learn

Don't just use one way to study English. Use a variety of methods which will help all the parts of your brain (multiple intelligences) help you. For example, if you are learning new vocabulary, create a word map, describe a picture, make a list and study that, type out the words five times. All of these methods together help to reinforce your learning.

1.     Study English by Finding some Friends

There is nothing like having a few friends to study English together. You can practice the exercises together, have conversations together (in English!), and, as you study English together, help each other with exercises you may not understand.

1.     Study English by Choosing Topics that Interest You

One of the most important things to do is to study English using topics that you like. This will help motivate you because you will also be learning about a topic you find interesting while you study English

Commercial English - Orders
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٢٥ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢


Thank you for your quotation of JUNE 1st 2002.

We are pleased to place an order with you for 200 MCF computers.

Please send us the undermentioned goods.

We should be grateful for delivery by 26th September 2002.

Please quote number 234.559 on all correspondence.

Please confirm receipt of the order.

Your prices are not competitive enough.

We have therefore decided not to place an order with you.

Our order no. 100.334 has not yet been delivered.

Please submit a quotation for a substitute.

We should like to cancel our order no. 778.001.

We are pleased to acknowledge your order of 1st July 2001.

Our dispatch department is processing your order.

Delivery will be made by 6th July 2001.

We will require two weeks to process your order.

The goods are no longer in stock/out of stock/no longer available.

However, we can offer you a substitute.

I am afraid your order has gone missing.


Commercial English - Vocabulary
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٢٢ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢

accordance (in accordance with)


accounting error

acknowledge (to)



advance (in advance)

advance payment

advice of payment

after-sales service


air freight

air waybill

amount due


apply (to apply for)

approval (on approval)

as from

balance (financial)

bank account

bill of exchange

bill of lading

blank cheque



brisk trade

business (on business)




carriage free

carriage paid

to dispatch to


duly signed

due date


duty free

to enclose



exchange rate


extension of payment time

failure to pay



firm offer

free of charge


to grant a discount

to be grateful


inadequate packing


initial order

to inquire



introductory price


to invoice




to mention

as mentioned

money order







within a week/month

Commercial English - Vocabulary 2
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٢۱ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢

to negotiate

net price








payable by you

to postpone

preferential rate

prior notice

profit margin




to quote a price



ready for despatch



to recommend

with reference to

to refund

registered letter



to renew

repeat order


on request

to request



to retail

retail price




to satisfy a requirement

under separate cover

to ship


to be short-listed

to sign

sold out

spare parts

statement of account

to have something in stock

in storage

to store

to subscribe

substantially reduced


survey of damage


terms of payment

trade fair

bank transfer




unit price








within a week/month

become, get, go, turn
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:۱۸ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢

The words "become", "get", "go" and "turn" are not always used correctly. We've listed some phrases which are wrong and some which are correct. Always use a good dictionary if you're not sure.

correct phrase

common error

I got a present from him.

I became a present from him.

When do I get my steak?

When do I become my steak?

He got a shock when he saw his car.

He became a shock when he saw his car.

The tea does him good.

The tea becomes him good.

I want to become a teacher.

I will a teacher.

He became famous.

He would famous

We became friends.

We were friends.

It became clear that she wanted to leave.

It would clear that she wanted to leave.

It's getting dark.

It will dark.

He turned red.

He was red.

She went white when she saw the accident.

She was white when she saw the accident.

The word "get" is very common in spoken English, "become" is more formal. 
German native speaker sometimes use "become" in an incorrect way

شصت نکته شیرین و آموزنده درباره ی ازدواج
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ۸:٠۳ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/٩/٢٩



درباره ازدواج بسیار گفته و شنیده ایم. اما مطالبی که در ادامه این ایمیل می آید شاید برای شما تازگی داشته باشد. از میان ضرب المثل های ملل مختلف و همین طور سخنان شخصیت های بزرگ جهان پیرامون ازدواج شصت مورد را انتخاب کرده ایم. بسیاری از این حرف ها جنبه شوخی و مزاح دارد اما تعداد دیگری از آنها شاید وصف حال من و شما باشد! همین طور قسمت دیگری از این گفته ها می تواند برای عده ای حکم کلید راهنما را داشته باشد.

1. هنگام ازدواج بیشتر با گوش هایت مشورت کن تا با چشم هایت. (ضرب المثل آلمانی)

2. مردی که به خاطر " پول " زن می گیرد، به نوکری می رود. (ضرب المثل فرانسوی)

3. لیاقت داماد، به قدرت بازوی اوست. (ضرب المثل چینی)

4. زنی سعادتمند است که مطیع " شوهر" باشد. (ضرب المثل یونانی)

5. زن عاقل با داماد " بی پول " خوب می سازد. (ضرب المثل انگلیسی)

6. زن مطیع فرمانروای قلب شوهر است. (ضرب المثل انگلیسی)

7. زن و شوهر اگر یکدیگر را بخواهند در کلبه ی خرابه هم زندگی می کنند. (ضرب المثل آلمانی)

8. داماد زشت و با شخصیت به از داماد خوش صورت و بی لیاقت. (ضرب المثل لهستانی)

9. دختر عاقل، جوان فقیر را به پیرمرد ثروتمند ترجیح می دهد. (ضرب المثل ایتالیایی)

10. داماد که نشدی از یک شب شادمانی و عمری بداخلاقی محروم گشته ای. (ضرب المثل فرانسوی)

11. دو نوع زن وجود دارد؛ با یکی ثروتمند می شوی و با دیگری فقیر. (ضرب المثل ایتالیایی)

12. در موقع خرید پارچه حاشیه آن را خوب نگاه کن و در موقع ازدواج درباره مادر عروس تحقیق کن. (ضرب المثل آذربایجانی)

13. برای یافتن زن می ارزد که یک کفش بیشتر پاره کنی. (ضرب المثل چینی)

14. تاک را از خاک خوب و دختر را از مادر خوب و اصیل انتخاب کن. (ضرب المثل چینی)

15. اگر خواستی اختیار شوهرت را در دست بگیری اختیار شکمش را در دست بگیر. (ضرب المثل اسپانیایی)

16. اگر زنی خواست که تو به خاطر پول همسرش شوی با او ازدواج کن اما پولت را از او دور نگه دار. (ضرب المثل ترکی)

17. ازدواج مقدس ترین قراردادها محسوب می شود. (ماری آمپر)

18. ازدواج مثل یک هندوانه است که گاهی خوب می شود و گاهی هم بسیار بد. (ضرب المثل اسپانیایی)

19. ازدواج، زودش اشتباهی بزرگ و دیرش اشتباه بزرگتری است. (ضرب المثل فرانسوی)

20. ازدواج کردن و ازدواج نکردن هر دو به نوعی موجب پشیمانی است. (سقراط)

21. ازدواج مثل اجرای یک نقشه جنگی است که اگر در آن فقط یک اشتباه صورت بگیرد جبرانش غیر ممکن خواهد بود. (بورنز)

22. ازدواجی که به خاطر پول صورت گیرد، برای پول هم از بین می رود. (رولاند)

23. ازدواج همیشه به عشق پایان داده است. (ناپلئون)

24. اگر کسی در انتخاب همسرش دقت نکند، دو نفر را بدبخت کرده است. (محمد حجازی)

25. انتخاب پدر و مادر دست خود انسان نیست، ولی می توانیم مادر شوهر و مادر زنمان را خودمان انتخاب کنیم. (خانم پرل باک)

26. با زنی ازدواج کنید که اگر " مرد " بود، بهترین دوست شما می شد. (بردون)

27. با همسر خود مثل یک کتاب رفتار کنید و فصل های خسته کننده او را اصلاً نخوانید. (سونی اسمارت)

28. برای یک زندگی سعادتمندانه، مرد باید " کر " باشد و زن " لال ". (سروانتس)

29. ازدواج بیشتر از رفتن به جنگ " شجاعت " می خواهد. (کریستین)

30. تا یک سال بعد از ازدواج، مرد و زن زشتی های یکدیگر را نمی بینند. (اسمایلز)

31. پیش از ازدواج چشم هایتان را باز کنید و بعد از ازدواج آنها را روی هم بگذارید. (فرانکلین)

32. خانه بدون زن، گورستان است. (بالزاک)

33. تنها علاج عشق، ازدواج است. (آرت بوخوالد)

34. ازدواج پیوندی است که از درختی به درخت دیگر بزنند، اگر خوب گرفت هر دو " زنده " می شوند و اگر " بد " شد هر دو می میرند. (سعید نفیسی)

35. ازدواج عبارتست از سه هفته آشنایی، سه ماه عاشقی، سه سال جنگ و سی سال تحمل! (تن)

36. شوهر " مغز" خانه است و زن " قلب " آن. (سیریوس)

37. عشق، سپیده دم ازدواج است و ازدواج شامگاه عشق. (بالزاک)

38. قبل از ازدواج درباره تربیت اطفال شش نظریه داشتم، اما حالا شش فرزند دارم و دارای هیچ نظریه ای نیستم. (لرد لوچستر)

39. مردانی که می کوشند زن ها را درک کنند، فقط موفق می شوند با آنها ازدواج کنند. (بن بیکر)

40. با ازدواج، مرد روی گذشته اش خط می کشد و زن روی آینده اش. (سینکالویس)

41. خوشحالی های واقعی بعد از ازدواج به دست می آید. (پاستور)

42. ازدواج کنید، به هر وسیله ای که می توانید. زیرا اگر زن خوبی گیرتان آمد بسیار خوشبخت خواهید شد و اگر گرفتار یک همسر بد شوید فیلسوف بزرگی می شوید. (سقراط)

43. قبل از رفتن به جنگ یکی دو بار و پیش از رفتن به خواستگاری سه بار برای خودت دعا کن. (یکی از دانشمندان لهستانی)

44. مطیع مرد باشید تا او شما را بپرستد. (کارول بیکر)

45. من تنها با مردی ازدواج می کنم که عتیقه شناس باشد تا هر چه پیرتر شدم، برای او عزیزتر باشم. (آگاتا کریستی)

46. هر چه متأهلان بیشتر شوند، جنایت ها کمتر خواهد شد. (ولتر)

47. هیچ چیز غرور مرد را به اندازه ی شادی همسرش بالا نمی برد، چون همیشه آن را مربوط به خودش می داند. (جانسون)

48. زن ترجیح می دهد با مردی ازدواج کند که زندگی خوبی نداشته باشد، اما نمی تواند مردی را که شنونده خوبی نیست، تحمل کند.(کینهابارد)

49. اصل و نسب مرد وقتی مشخص می شود که آنها بر سر مسائل کوچک با هم مشکل پیدا می کنند. (شاو)

50. وقتی برای عروسی ات خیلی هزینه کنی، مهمان هایت را یک شب خوشحال می کنی و خودت را عمری ناراحت ! (روزنامه نگار ایرلندی)

51. هیچ زنی در راه رضای خدا با مرد ازدواج نمی کند. (ضرب المثل اسکاتلندی)

52. با قرض اگر داماد شدی با خنده خداحافظی کن. (ضرب المثل آلمانی)

53. تا ازدواج نکرده ای نمی توانی درباره ی آن اظهار نظر کنی. (شارل بودلر)

54. دوام ازدواج یک قسمت رویِ محبت است و نُه قسمتش روی گذشت از خطا. (ضرب المثل اسکاتلندی)

55. ازدواج پدیده ای است برای تکامل مرد. (مثل سانسکریت)

56. زناشویی غصه های خیالی و موهوم را به غصه نقد و موجود تبدیل می کند. (ضرب المثل آلمانی)

57. تا ازدواج نکرده ای نمی توانی درباره آن اظهار نظر کنی. (شارل بودلر)

58. ازدواج مجموعه ای از مزه هاست. هم تلخی و شوری دارد، هم تندی و ترشی و شیرینی و بی مزگی. (ولتر)

59. وقتی زن خوب در خانه باشد، خوشی از در و دیوار می‌ریزد. (ضرب المثل هلندی)

60. ازدواج قرارداد دو نفره ای است که در همه دنیا اعتبار دارد. (مارک تواین)


Simple future tense : زمان آینده ساده
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٥٠ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/٩/٢۸


زمان آینده : کاری است که در زمان آینده انجام خواهد شد.

فاعل + will / shall + طرز ساخت : بقیه جمله + فعلاصلی

هم استفاده کنیم . shall می توانیم از (will) برای اولشخص مفرد و اول شخص جمع بیشتر به جای

نشانه های زمان آینده ساده:

بین فاعل و فعل اصلی shall و یا will الف) وجود فعلکمکی

( tomorrow) ب) وجود قیود زمان مثل فردا

قیود زمان :

tomorrow فردا

soon به زودی

sooner or later دیر یا زود

three weeks تا سه هفته دیگر

next + در آینده زمان

in+ زمان ( a week/ a year/ a month (تا یک هفته، یکسال ،یک ماه دیگه

منفی می شوند و به شکل not می باشد که با shall یاwill تغییرات در زمان آینده : به عمده فعل کمکی

در می آیند. shan’t و یا won’t

به کار نمی رود. shall یا will تذکر بسیار مهم: با کلمات زیر

if 􀃆 اگر unless 􀃆 مگر


when􀃆 وقتیکه as long as 􀃆 مادامیکه

while 􀃆 وقتیکه s uppose 􀃆 به فرض اینکه

before 􀃆 قبل از as soon as 􀃆 بمحض اینکه

after 􀃆 بعد از to pass 􀃆 قبول شدن

till 􀃆 تا

until 􀃆 تا

فرمولهای طرز ساخت :

( I ) آینده + before + زمان حال

( II ) before + آینده و حال

You will pass if you study.

If you study you will pass.

I will call you as soon as I get home.

As soon as I get home , I will call you.


Present Simple/Present Continuous Practice
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٤۸ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/٩/٢۸


In your notebook, write these sentences putting the verbs into the correct tense.

1 She (read) at the moment.

She's reading at the moment.

(You go) to work by car?

Do you qo to work by car?

3 I (not watch} television every night.

don't watch television every night.

4 I (not watch) television at the moment.

I'm not watching television at the moment.



5 We {see] our parents every week.

6 (You listen) to the radio now?

7 I (not get up) at seven o'clock every morning.

8 Peter (talk) to Susan now.

9 (They work) in the restaurant at the weekends?

10 She (listen) to the radio in her bedroom at the moment.

11 They (not come) to school every day.

12 (You work) now?

13 The children (go) to bed at eight o'clock.

14 1 (leave) the office every day at five.

15 I'm sorry i can't talk to you now. I (go) out.

16 (Peter and Jane work) in London at the moment?

17 (Mary and Susan drive) to the office every day?

18 We (go) to the beach now.

19 (John listen) to the radio at the moment?

20 (Your parents sit) in the garden now?

21 The film (start) every night at eight o'clock

22 They (not go) to the cinema very often.

23 (You go) into the office every month?

24 I (not study) at the moment

استفاده از be going to برای زمان آینده
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٦:٤٥ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/٩/٢۸

از going to do زمانی برای آینده استفاده میکنیم که میخواهیم تصمیم بر انجام کار برنامه ریزی نشده ای را بیان کنیم.

I hear Sarah has won some money. What is she going to do with it?

    Shes going to buy a new car.


- What are you going to do tonight?

   Im going to have an early night. (Im going to bed early but I haven’t arranged the time for it)


نکته: از عبارت was going to do هنگامی استفاده میکنیم که میخواهیم بگوییم قصد انجام کاری را داشتیم اما به علتی آنرا انجام ندادیم:

 -  I was just going to cross the road when sb shouted ‘Stop!’

 - We were going to travel by train, but then we decided to go by car instead.