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بانک سوالات دبیرستان و پیش دانشگاهی . مکالمه . مقالات . آپدیت روزانه Nod 32

A Little / A Few
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:٢٤ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 

 

Exercises on A Little and A Few

The expressions a little and a few mean some.

  • If a noun is in singular, we use a little

Example:

a little money

  • If a noun is in plural, we use a few

Example:

a few friends

Countable / Uncountable Nouns

In connection with a little / a few people often speak of countable nouns and uncountable nouns.

Countable nouns have a singular and a plural form. In plural, these nouns can be used with a number (that's why they are called 'countable nouns'). Countable nouns take a few.

Example:

4 friends – a few friends

Uncountable nouns can only be used in singular. These nouns cannot be used with a number (that's why they are called 'uncountable nouns'). Uncountable nouns take a little.

Example:

3 money – a little money

Note: Of course you can count money – but then you would name the currency and say that you have got 3 euro (but not „3 money“).






 
 
عکسی زیبا از فصل پاییز
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:٢۱ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 


 
 
A Little / A few or Little / Few
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:٢٠ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 

 

It's a difference if you use a little / a few or little / few. Without the article, the words have a limiting or negative meaning.

  • a little = some
    little = hardly any

Example:

I need a little money. - I need some money.

I need little money. - I need hardly any money.

  • a few = some
    few = hardly any

Example:

A few friends visited me. - Some friends visited me.

Few friends visited me. - Hardly any friends visited me.

Without the article, little / few sound rather formal. That's why we don't use them very often in everyday English. A negative sentence with much / many is more common here.

Example:

I need little money. = I do not need much money.

Few friends visited me. = Not many friends visited me



 
 
 
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:۱٩ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 

 
 
 
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:۱٩ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 

 
 
Much / many
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:۱۸ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 

Exercises on much and many

The words much and many mean a lot of.

  • If a noun is in singular, we use much

Example:

much money

  • If a noun is in plural, we use many

Example:

many friends

Use of much / many

In everyday English, we normally use much / many only in questions and negative clauses.

Example:

How much money have you got?

Carla does not have many friends.

In positive clauses with soas or too, we also use much / many.

Example:

Carla has so many friends.

She has as many friends as Sue.

Kevin has too much money.

In all other positive clauses, however, we prefer expressions like a lot oflots of.

Example:

Carla has a lot of / lots of friends.

Kevin has a lot of / lots of money.

In formal texts, however, much / many are also common in positive clauses. This you will notice for example when you read English news.

Countable / Uncountable Nouns

In connection with much / many people often speak of countable nounsand uncountable nouns.

Countable nouns have a singular and a plural form. In plural, these nouns can be used with a number (that's why they are called 'countable nouns'). Countable nouns take many.

Example:

100 friends – many friends

Uncountable nouns can only be used in singular. These nouns cannot be used with a number (that's why they are called 'uncountable nouns'). Uncountable nouns take much.

Example:

100 money – much money

Note: Of course you can count money – but then you would name the currency and say that you have got 5 euro (but not „5 money“).



 
 
The words: at, by
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:۱٦ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦
 

Correct phrase

Common error

We live in a village near Hamburg.

We live in a village by Hamburg.

Frank stayed at my place last weekend.

Frank stayed by me last weekend.

I stayed at my grandmother's (house) during the Easter holidays.

I stayed by my grandmother during the Easter holidays.

Emily lives with her mother.

Emily lives by her mother.

Here are some correct phrases:

Correct phrase

I took my sister by the hand.

We travelled by night.

I live by the sea.


 
 
عکس زیبایی از فصل هزار رنگ پاییز
نویسنده : غلامعلی عباسی - ساعت ٥:۱٢ ‎ق.ظ روز ۱۳٩٤/۱٠/٢٦